The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and activities of state and local government. The Act was signed into law in 1990 but its various elements come into force on different dates including:
* State and local Government activities, January 26, 1992.
* Employers with 25 or more workers, July 26, 1992.
* Employers with 15 or more workers, July 26, 1994.
The Act requires that employers, employment agencies, labour organizations and joint labour-management committees must:
Have non-discriminatory application procedures, qualification standards, and selection criteria and in all other terms and conditions of employment.
Make reasonable accommodation to the known limitations of a qualified applicant or employee unless to do so would cause an undue hardship.
The bill makes exceptions regarding the employment of a person with a contagious disease, a person who illegally uses drugs or alcohol, employment of someone by a religious entity, and private membership clubs. (Source: US Department of Labor)
Based on the glossary section of Human Resource Management, 4th edition.